King v. Smith

AFDC cannot be withheld because of the presence of a “substitute father” who visited a family on weekends. The issue before the US Supreme Court involved how the states could determine how to implement a federal program. The court used the term “co-operative federalism.”

Shapiro v. Thompson

Absent a compelling state interest, state laws that impose residency requirements to obtain welfare assistance violate the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the 14th Amendment. Such laws also violate the constitutional right to travel by inhibiting migration by needy persons into the state.

Department of Agriculture v. Moreno

The government cannot exclude households from receiving food stamps based on whether they include a person who is unrelated to any other member of the household.

Goldberg v. Kelly

The Due Process Clause provides the right to a full hearing before welfare benefits are terminated.

Douglas v. California

There was discrimination between the rich and the poor which violates the Fourteenth Amendment because indigent defendant’s sole appeal was decided without benefit of counsel in a state criminal case.

Dandridge v. Williams

A State has great latitude in dispensing its available funds for public welfare, and the State’s rationally supportable regulation does not violate the Equal Protection Clause.

Griffin v. Illinois

Under the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment, Court held that indigent Illinois convicts may not be denied the right to appeal by inability to pay for a trial transcript and are entitled to receive certified copy of the entire trial record without cost.

Wyman v. James

The home visit required by a state in connection with the AFDC program is a reasonable administrative tool and does not violate any right guaranteed by the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments.

Harris v. McRae

The Hyde Amendment, by denying public Medicaid funding for certain medically necessary abortions, does not contravene the liberty or equal protection guarantees of the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment, or either of the Religion Clauses of the First Amendment.