Anti-Poverty Impact of Civil Legal Aid

Recounts the history of anti-poverity civil legal aid and finds that it helps clients avoid costs, stabilize their lives, receive benefits, and rise from poverty. (65-page PDF)


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Plyler v. Doe

Under the Equal Protection Clause, the Court struck down both a state statute denying funding for education to undocumented immigrant children and a municipal school district’s attempt to charge an annual $1,000 tuition fee for each student to compensate for lost state funding. (Two cases bundled together.)

Tate v. Short

It is a denial of equal protection to limit punishment to payment of a fine for those who are able to pay it, but to convert the fine to imprisonment for those who are unable to pay it.

Jefferson v. Hackney

Although not overruling earlier cases, Jefferson seems to eliminate the possibility that reducing the size of the welfare rolls and denying otherwise eligible persons assistance is a relevant factor in determining the validity of a procedure.

San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez

A State public school taxing system that results in interdistrict spending disparities among local school districts is consistent with the Fourteenth Amendment Equal Protection Clause as long as the system satisfies the rational basis standard of review and is, thus, rationally related to a legitimate governmental interest.

David Hall

Directed the Texas RioGrande Legal Aid for 42 years after starting his career with the United Farm Workers (UFW) in the Rio Grande Valley. National leader on migrant labor issues.